Ancient Species -
Trilobites

Trilobites were the first animals to leave large numbers of fossils. They evolved from sea worms early in the Cambrian Period. (about 570 million years ago). Sea worms, like other earlier creatures, were soft-bodied and, so, did not often create fossils.

Trilobites had three length-wise lobes (hence the name) and a hard shell-like skin-crust which was periodically shed as they grew. They fed on plants and carrion. Trilobites existed, and continued to evolve for about 390 million years, producing vast numbers and enormous variations.

The earliest trilobites had relatively narrow bodies with  a thorax made up of many section, like a multi-jointed worm. Later trilobites evolved with fewer segments, although trilobites with large numbers of segments continued to exist to the end.

Later trilobites also evolved wider, flatter bodies. Some were short and blunt while others had long bodies tapered at both ends. Some developed long projecting spines while others had short spines on their thorax.

The largest animal in the Cambrian Period was a trilobite 18 inches long and weighing about 8 pounds. By the late Ordovician Period (535 to 434 million years ago), a species about 30 inches long had evolved.

During the Ordovician Period, molluscs up to 12 feet in length evolved. These preyed on trilobites, causing the smooth-skinned types to die out - leaving only those with defensive spines. These survived until the "great extinction" at the end of the Permian Period (about 250 million years ago).

Trilobite Fossils

 

Trilobite fossils now available (at eBay):

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GEOLOGICAL ENTERPRISES Cambrian Fossil Trilobite Paedeumias yorkensis Alabama

AU $27.82
End Date: Friday Jan-11-2019 4:19:08 EST
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GEOLOGICAL ENTERPRISES Ordovician fossil trilobite Synhomalonotus tristani

AU $27.82
End Date: Friday Jan-11-2019 4:08:04 EST
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One Hundred Trilobite Fossils, Phacops sp, from Morocco

AU $87.67
End Date: Wednesday Jan-9-2019 11:41:14 EST
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LARGE Trilobite Fossil, Crotalocephalus gibbus with a hypostome, from Morocco

AU $104.38
End Date: Wednesday Jan-9-2019 11:32:47 EST
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Trilobite Fossil, Diademaproetus praecursor, from Morocco #1

AU $90.46
End Date: Wednesday Jan-9-2019 7:58:21 EST
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** "FLYING" DIADEMAPROETUS PRAECURSOR TRILOBITE FOSSIL MOROCCO DEVONIAN AGE **

AU $87.67
End Date: Tuesday Jan-8-2019 12:20:48 EST
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** "FLYING" DIADEMAPROETUS PRAECURSOR TRILOBITE FOSSIL MOROCCO DEVONIAN AGE **

AU $86.28
End Date: Tuesday Jan-8-2019 12:19:58 EST
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