Ancient Species -
Lycophytes

Lycophytes are the oldest type of "vascular" plant, that is with veins in the leaf. In lycophytes (unlike other plants), there is a single vein with no branches.

Lycophytes first appeared early in the Devonian Period. (about 400 million years ago). 

Scale treePresent day lycophytes are the small, inconspicuous club mosses but in the Carboniferous Period (345 to 288 million years ago) they were 35 meter tall "scale trees" which formed forests which dominated many areas for 40 million years. Scale trees are common fossils and a significant constituent of coal.

Scale trees were wiped out in the "great extinction" at the end of the Permian Period (about 248 million years ago).

Club Moss (modern)

 

Plant fossils now available (at eBay):

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plant fossil

AU $100.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Friday Dec-21-2018 17:30:18 EST
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Burmese Fossil Cretaceous Amber/Burmite Aphid Bryophyte Plant Incl ZX91 0.3g

AU $47.09
End Date: Wednesday Jan-9-2019 9:39:06 EST
Buy It Now for only: AU $47.09
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Leptophloeum Plant Fossil Barraba NSW

AU $30.00
End Date: Saturday Dec-15-2018 17:09:45 EST
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Real plant leaf Fossils

AU $9,000.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Dec-15-2018 10:16:27 EST
Buy It Now for only: AU $16,500.00
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Leptophloeum Plant Fossil Barraba NSW

AU $4.00
End Date: Saturday Dec-15-2018 9:07:04 EST
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Plant Sprig with Insects in Authentic Dominican Amber Gem LARGE 10.5 g

AU $137.80
End Date: Sunday Dec-30-2018 7:43:57 EST
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Super RARE Mammal Hair with Plant Hairs in Burmite Amber Fossil Dinosaur Age

AU $104.39
End Date: Saturday Dec-29-2018 6:50:15 EST
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