Ancient Species -
Lycophytes

Lycophytes are the oldest type of "vascular" plant, that is with veins in the leaf. In lycophytes (unlike other plants), there is a single vein with no branches.

Lycophytes first appeared early in the Devonian Period. (about 400 million years ago). 

Scale treePresent day lycophytes are the small, inconspicuous club mosses but in the Carboniferous Period (345 to 288 million years ago) they were 35 meter tall "scale trees" which formed forests which dominated many areas for 40 million years. Scale trees are common fossils and a significant constituent of coal.

Scale trees were wiped out in the "great extinction" at the end of the Permian Period (about 248 million years ago).

Club Moss (modern)

 

Plant fossils now available (at eBay):

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Leptophloeum sp, Barraba NSW Australia, Plant Fossil 272g

AU $14.99 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Mar-1-2020 17:41:15 EST
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Fossil Amber Dominican Republic Pliocene (EA6635) plant gem resin

AU $26.00
End Date: Monday Mar-23-2020 12:24:04 EST
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Leptophloeum sp, Barraba NSW Australia, Plant Fossil 225g

AU $9.99 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Mar-1-2020 8:06:34 EST
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Fly with Eggs, Caterpillar, Plants in Colombian Copal Amber Fossil LARGE 45.6 g

AU $121.12
End Date: Monday Mar-23-2020 3:45:45 EST
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Very RARE Large Plant Sprig Leaf in Burmite Amber Fossil Gemstone Dinosaur Age

AU $52.99
End Date: Friday Mar-20-2020 12:20:33 EST
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Dicroidium sp. fern frond, Fossil plant, Nymboida NSW Australia

AU $7.99
End Date: Monday Mar-16-2020 8:08:39 EST
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